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> The history of Izmir
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mesaj 28-04-2018 - 08:54
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The history of
Izmir dates back to about 3000 BC. When the Trojans founded the city of Yeilova Mound in Bornova and then continued into Smyrna-Tepekule Ruins and then Kadifekalein in the northern suburb of Bayrakli. This was the birthplace of Homer, who lived here around the 8th century BC. Chr. Should have lived. The Aeolians, the first Greek settlers, were eventually taken over by their Greek rivals, the Ionians. The Ionians were followed by the Lydians, who destroyed the city around 600 BC. Destroyed before the arrival of Alexander the Great in 334 BC.

After his death, Alexander's generals followed his wishes and founded Smyrna on Mount Pagos in Kadifekale, and the city flourished under the Romans. It was destroyed by an earthquake in 178 AD, later rebuilt and became an important commercial port during the Byzantine Empire. After the Byzantines, the city experienced a turbulent time among the Arabs, Seljuk Turks, Crusaders and Mongols, until Mehmet I incorporated them in 1415 in the Ottoman Empire. Under Suleiman the Magnificent, Smyrna became a thriving and cultured city and a huge trading center, despite its frequent earthquakes. It was a cosmopolitan city with a Greek Orthodox majority along with Armenians, Jews and Muslims. There were many languages ​​spoken by locals and traders in the streets.

After the First World War and the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, and based on the majority of the Greek population in the region, Greece was granted a mandate over Izmir by the Allies. Athens took control of the entire Aegean region.

Rising tensions led to the outbreak of war as the Greeks continued to push their way into the heart of Anatolia to unite the Greek communities in Asia Minor. Led by Kemal Atatrk, the Turkish army launched a counter-attack and conquered the city. Soon after, 70% of the city burned down by the Turkish troops. The "Great Fire" ended the multinational authority of the city and the Greek and Armenian population was expelled.

Atatrk officially took Izmir on 9 September 1922, which is celebrated as the day of the liberation of the city.
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mesaj 28-04-2018 - 08:54
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